Simple Future Tense

I will sing

The simple future tense is often called will, because we make the simple future tense with the modal auxiliary will.

How do we make the Simple Future Tense?

The structure of the simple future tense is:

subject + auxiliary verb WILL + main verb
invariable base
will V1

For negative sentences in the simple future tense, we insert not between the auxiliary verb and main verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and auxiliary verb. Look at these example sentences with the simple future tense:

subject auxiliary verb main verb
+ I will open the door.
+ You will finish before me.
She will not be at school tomorrow.
We will not leave yet.
? Will you arrive on time?
? Will they want dinner?

When we use the simple future tense in speaking, we often contract the subject and auxiliary verb:

I will I’ll
you will you’ll
he will
she will
it will
he’ll
she’ll
it’ll
we will we’ll
they will they’ll

For negative sentences in the simple future tense, we contract with won’t, like this:

I will not I won’t
you will not you won’t
he will not
she will not
it will not
he won’t
she won’t
it won’t
we will not we won’t
they will not they won’t

How do we use the Simple Future Tense?

No Plan

We use the simple future tense when there is no plan or decision to do something before we speak. We make the decision spontaneously at the time of speaking. Look at these examples:

  • Hold on. I‘ll get a pen.
  • We will see what we can do to help you.
  • Maybe we‘ll stay in and watch television tonight.

In these examples, we had no firm plan before speaking. The decision is made at the time of speaking.

We often use the simple future tense with the verb to think before it:

  • I think I’ll go to the gym tomorrow.
  • I think I will have a holiday next year.
  • I don’t think I’ll buy that car.

Prediction

We often use the simple future tense to make a prediction about the future. Again, there is no firm plan. We are saying what we think will happen. Here are some examples:

  • It will rain tomorrow.
  • People won’t go to Jupiter before the 22nd century.
  • Who do you think will get the job?

Be

When the main verb is be, we can use the simple future tense even if we have a firm plan or decision before speaking. Examples:

  • I‘ll be in London tomorrow.
  • I’m going shopping. I won’t be very long.
  • Will you be at work tomorrow?
Note that when we have a plan or intention to do something in the future, we usually use other tenses or expressions, such as the present continuous tense or going to.

หลักการใช้ Past Perfect Continuous Tense (อดีตกาลสมบูรณ์ต่อเนื่อง) ในภาษาอังกฤษ

รูปแบบของ Past Perfect Continuous Tense

Subject + had + been + V.-ing

 หลักการใช้ Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  1. ใช้กับเหตุการณ์ที่ เกิดขึ้นและดำเนินต่อเนื่องมาจนถึงอีกเหตุการณ์หนึ่งในอดีต โดยอาจใช้กับคำว่า since และ for เช่น
She had been shouting for help since she fell down the stairs.
(เธอได้ร้องขอความช่วยเหลือตั้งแต่เธอได้ตกบันไดลงมา)
  1. ใช้พูดถึงการกระทำที่ เกิดขึ้นซ้ำไปซ้ำมาในอดีต และได้สิ้นสุดลงแล้ว เช่น
I had been smoking for 5 months.
(ฉันเคยสูบบุหรี่มาเป็นเวลาห้าเดือน)
  1. Past Perfect Continuous Tense จะ เน้นถึงความต่อเนื่องของการกระทำ (Continuity of action) มากกว่า Past Perfect Tense

วิธีการสร้างประโยค Past Perfect Continuous Tense

โครงสร้าง
Subject + had + been + V.-ing

ประโยคบอกเล่า

You had been driving for almost two hours.
He had been surfing the internet since this morning.
ครงสร้าง
Subject + had + not + been + V.-ing

ประโยคปฏิเสธ

You had not been driving for almost two hours.
He had not been surfing the internet since this morning.
โครงสร้าง
Had + Subject + been + V.-ing?

ประโยคคำถาม

Had you been driving for a long time?
Had he been surfing the internet?
โครงสร้าง
Who/What/Where/When/Why/How + had + Subject + been + V.-ing?

ประโยคคำถาม
Wh-

How long

had you been driving?

What

had he been doing since this morning?
*คำปฏิเสธรูปย่อของ had not คือ hadn’t