สรุป Tenses 12 Tenses(Active และ Passive voice)

posted on 19 Jun 2008 15:21 by ajarn-thanchanok

Tense Active voice Passive Voice
Present Simple S + V1  S + is, am, are + V3 
Present Continuous  S + is, am, are + Ving  S + is, am,are + being + V3 
Present Perfect  S + have, has + V3  S + have, has + been + V3 
Present Perfect Continuous S + have, has + been + Ving S + have, has + been + being + V3 
Past Simple  S + V2  S + was, were + V3 
Past Continuous S + was, were + Ving  S + was, were + being + V3
Past Perfect  S + had + V3  S + had+ been + V 
Past Perfect Continuous  S+ had + been + Ving S+had+been+being+V3
Future Simple   S + will, shall + V1 

(to be going to + v1)

S + will, shall+ be + V3 

 ( to be going to +be + V3 )

Future Continuous  S + will, shall + be+Ving S + will be + being + V3 
Future Perfect  S + will, shall + have + V3 S + will have + been + V3 
Future Perfect Continuous S + will, shall + have been + Ving S + will have + been + being + V3

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

โครงสร้างของ Passive Voice ทั้ง 12 Tense พร้อมตัวอย่าง  :

1. Present Simple Tense = is, am, are, + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John writes a letter.

Passive: A letter is written by John.

2. Present Continuous Tense = is, am, are, + being + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John is writing a letter.

Passive: A letter is being written by John.

3. Present Perfect Tense = has, have + been + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John has written a letter.

Passive: A letter has been written by John.

4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense = has, have + been + being + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John has been writing a letter.

Passive: A letter has been being written by John.

5. Past Simple Tense = was, were, + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John wrote a letter.

Passive: A letter was written by John.

6. Past Continuous Tense = was, were, + being + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John was writing a letter.

Passive: A letter was being written by John.

7. Past Perfect Tense = had been + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John had written a letter.

Passive: A letter had been written by John.

8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense = had been + being + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John had been writing a letter.

Passive: A letter had been being written by John.

9. Future Simple Tense = will, shall + be + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John will write a letter.

Passive: A letter will be written by John.

10. Future Continuous Tense = will, shall + be + being + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John will be writing a letter.

Passive: A letter will be being written by John.

11. Future Perfect Tense = will, shall + have been + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John will have been written a letter.

Passive: A letter will have been written by John.

12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense = will, shall + have been + being + กริยาช่อง 3

Active  : John will have been writing a letter.

Passive: A letter will have been being written by John.

สรุป: เพื่อเข้าใจได้ง่ายขึ้น รูปประโยคของ Passive Voice ทั้ง 12 Tense มีดังนี้ :

Present Simple  =          S. + is, am, are + Verb 3 + by…..

Present Continuous       =          S. + is, am, are + being + Verb 3 + by…..

Present Perfect =          S. + has, have + been + Verb 3 + by…..

Present Per. Conti        =          S. + has, have + been + being + Verb 3 + by…..

Past Simple                  =          S. + was, were + Verb 3 + by…..

Past Continuous            =          S. + was, were + being + Verb 3 + by…..

Past Perfect                  =          S. + had + been + Verb 3 +by…..

Past Per. Conti             =          S. + had + been + being + Verb 3 + by…..

Future Simple               =          S. + will, shall + be + Verb 3 + by…..

Future Continuous        =          S. + will, shall + be + being + Verb 3 + by…..

Future Perfect               =          S. + will, shall + have + been + Verb 3 + by…..

Future Per. Conti          =          S. + will, shall + have + been + being +Verb 3 + by…..